The Best Litter Box for Rabbits: How to Pick a Box Your Bunny Will Actually Use

Written by: Ellyn Eddy

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best litter box for rabbits

If you’re hoping to housetrain your pet rabbit, I have good news: bunnies are one of the easiest pets to litter-train. Naturally neat and creatures of habit, most rabbits will choose a corner of their environment to use as a potty spot without any prompting.

Toilet-training a rabbit, then, can simply mean negotiating with your pet about which corner of its habitat – and your house – becomes the bunny bathroom.

Finding the best rabbit litter box – one that your rabbit wants to use – is key in this process. Unfortunately, many litter boxes promoted by manufacturers are simply cat or ferret litter boxes repackaged with a rabbit on the label. These may not meet a rabbit’s particular needs.

Here are the top rabbit litter boxes designed specifically for bunnies.

Kathson Large Rabbit Litter Box Trainer with Drawer – Best Overall

Size:16″ L x 11.8″ W x 6.5″ H
Material:All plastic, including plastic grate
Color: Brown, pink, blue
Suitable for:Medium to large rabbits

My house rabbits use the Kathson Large Litter Box with a Drawer – and I love it.  This box is extremely sturdy. Its wide, low design won’t tip over even when a leaping rabbit uses it as a landing pad. It has a clamp on the back so you can lock it to a cage for extra stability – but I use this clamp for attaching a hayrack to the box instead.

The Kathson litter box has a plastic mesh grate to keep rabbits out of their droppings and prevent them from digging in the litter.  And –unlike most other litter boxes with grates – the plastic mesh is actually wide enough to allow the “bunny berries” to drop to the pan below.  Then the pan slides out for cleaning.

This box is a good size for dwarf, small, and medium-sized rabbit breeds. For giants, you’ll have to go with one of the other options on this list.

What We Like:

  • Very sturdy. Won’t tip over and bunnies can’t dump it.
  • The mesh on the plastic grate is large enough to allow droppings through.
  • Grate keeps rabbits from digging in the litter.
  • Splash guards on three sides.
  • Comes in fun colors.

What We Don’t Like:

  • The drawer can stick when you’re pulling it out.
  • The hard plastic box will slide on hard floors; needs rubber stoppers added.
  • Won’t last as long as stainless steel pans.
  • Has grooves that are hard to clean.
  • Rabbits will likely gnaw on the sides.

Ware Manufacturing Plastic Scatterless Lock-N-Litter Bigger Pet Pan – Best for Inside a Cage.

Size:Jumbo: 16-1/2″ X 10-1/4″ X 8″
Material:Plastic with coated wire grate.
Color:Green or white.
Suitable for:Dwarf and small breed rabbits.

The Ware Lock-N-Litter Box is a great option if you want to place a litter box inside a wire cage. Its corner-fit design has a small footprint, and its high splash guards ensure that urine won’t hit your wall. It includes clamps to attach it to the cage, so bunnies can’t dump it.

The litter pan is fairly deep and comes with a wire insert to keep rabbits out of their waste. The wire is vinyl-coated to protect bunnies’ feet. 

The problem is that the mesh on the wire grate is borderline too small to allow rabbits’ droppings to fall through – and if they can’t fit through the mesh, this defeats the purpose of the grate.  It may work for dwarf breeds, but definitely won’t for the big poops  of a larger rabbit (like a Dutch.)

The pan still works without the insert, but the bottom is slippery. Make sure to fill it with at least 2 inches of absorbent bedding.

What We Like

  • Locks to the cage.
  • Bunnies can’t dig out the bedding with the grate attached.
  • High splash guards on the sides.
  • Great for tiny bunnies like Netherland Dwarfs or Polish.

What We Don’t Like

  • The grate mesh is too small for many rabbits’ droppings.
  • Rabbits can learn to remove the wire.
  • Slippery when used with no grate.
  • Even the jumbo size is too small for medium or large rabbits.

All Things Bunnies Floor Litter Pan – Best for Giant and Large Rabbits

Size:16″ L x 11.8″ W x 6.5″ H
Material:Plastic pan with vinyl-coated wire grate
Color: Purple
Suitable for:All rabbits, especially Flemish Giants and Angoras. 

Sometimes the simplest solutions are the most effective. This floor litter pan is simply a low, wide, heavy-duty plastic tray covered with a wire mesh. Since it’s only 2.5” tall, rabbits can hop up, do their business, and hop down with no fuss. While there are no high sides to prevent pee from splashing onto your wall, that also means no deep litter to awaken bunnies’ burrowing instincts.

Since it comes in a variety of sizes – all of them generous – this floor litter pan is our favorite potty-training solution for giant rabbits. The vinyl-coated wire floor has proper mesh spacing at ½” x 1”. That’s big enough to allow droppings to fall through but small enough to support bunnies’ feet. 

The biggest downside to this rabbit litter box is its price. You can make a similar box for less by purchasing a wide flat litter pan designed for cats and placing this wire floor riser into it.

What We Like:

  • Low to the ground, so young and elderly rabbits won’t have trouble hopping up.
  • Stable and unlikely to tip.
  • One of the few boxes big enough for giant breeds.
  • Mesh on the grate is large enough to let droppings through.
  • Very durable.

What We Don’t Like:

  • No clips for attaching it to a cage.
  • No splash guard – low sides won’t stop bunnies from peeing over the edge.
  • No hay rack attachment.
  • Expensive to purchase and ship.

Yangbaga Stainless Steel Litter Box – Best Non-Plastic Litter Box

Size:16″ x 12″ x 4″ or 24″ x 16″ x 4″
Material: Stainless steel with rubber feet
Suitable for:Most short-haired house rabbits.

Are you trying to tap into a sustainable future and avoid plastic in your home? That’s one excellent reason to invest in a stainless steel litter box for your bunny, but there are many others. This box is odor resistant, easy to sanitize, and lasts for a decade or more. 

Since rabbit urine is high in calcium, it creates a sticky corrosive residue on plastic litter boxes in a surprisingly short time. This residue not only looks nasty, but invites bacteria growth. The solution is this stainless steel box litter pan.  It’s much easier to sterilize than a plastic box – you can even throw it in your dishwasher if you’re so bold!  Odors won’t seep into this stainless steel litter box the way they do with a plastic one.

We love this particular model because it has lower sides than most stainless boxes designed for cats. Make sure you select the model with 4” high sides when purchasing, rather than the models with 6” or 8” high sides that are too tall for bunnies.

What We Like:

  • Can be sterilized.
  • Will not harbor odors.
  • Strong 18/8 stainless steel will last for years.
  • Big enough for all rabbit breeds, even giants if you buy the large size.
  • Rabbits can’t gnaw on it.

What We Don’t Like:

  • Not good for longhaired breeds unless you use a wire insert.
  • No grate. Rabbits may dig up the litter in this box.
  • No good way to attach it to the wall or a cage, or to attach a hay rack.
  • The smaller size may be too big for dwarf bunnies; they might use it as a bed.

Bunny Go Here Rabbit Litter Box – Best For Elderly or Special Needs Rabbits

Sizes:20″x 15″x 5″ or 24″x 20″x 5″
Material:USA-made Plastic, no grate
Color:Misty gray, lavender
Suitable for:Elderly or special-needs rabbits of all breeds.

If you have an elderly, injured, or special-needs rabbit that can’t hop, this litter box is a must. It has 5” high walls on 3 sides to prevent urine splashing or litter spilling out of the box, but it has a low-walled entryway in the front. Injured or arthritic rabbits can get in and out of it with ease; rabbit rescue shelters even use it for bunnies that are missing feet!

This is also the sturdiest plastic litter box on the market. Made in the United States of high-quality plastic, it will withstand intense scrubbing or pressure-washing and last for several years. It comes in soft nostalgic colors to blend in with your kitchen or living room.

What We Like

  • Low entryway for disabled, young, or elderly bunnies.
  • Higher sides catch splashes or spills.
  • Broad base – it would be very difficult to tip this box.
  • Heavy-duty plastic will hold up to regular sterilization
  • Large size has room for giant rabbits.

What We Don’t Like

  • No grate so the rabbit will sit in its droppings unless you use a wire riser.
  • Shape of the box may encourage bunnies to dig in the litter.
  • Both sizes are too large for dwarf-breed rabbits.

Oxbow Enriched Life Rectangle Litter Pan With Removable Shield – Best Budget Option

Sizes: 15.21” x 10.8” x 6.7”
Material:Lightweight plastic
Color:Green and white.
Suitable for:Small to medium-sized breeds

There’s nothing fancy about the Oxbow Enriched Life litter pan, but it does the job. It has a low opening with a height of 2 1/4″ to allow easy access for baby or arthritic rabbits, and taller 6.7″ sides when the removable urine shield is attached.

This litter pan can be used inside or outside a cage. It’s made of lightweight plastic and is great for travel. It doesn’t have any crevices or hard-to-clean areas.

If you like this concept but prefer a different shape, Oxbow also makes a corner-fit design.

What We Like

  • The most affordable litter pan on the list.
  • Large enough for all but giant rabbits.
  • Simple to wipe down or wash in the sink.
  • Lower opening for easy access.

What We Don’t Like

  • No grate — rabbits may dig and scatter the litter.
  • Light enough that rabbits could tip it over.
  • Too small for giant bunnies.
  • No color options.

What is the Best Litter Box for Rabbits?

The best litter boxes for rabbits include these features:

  • Sturdy and Non-Slip.  Bunnies are bouncy and mischievous. They like to jump, climb, and overturn objects. Lightweight plastic pans that skid across the floor when a rabbit jumps on them aren’t safe. Thin pans that rabbits can dump will create an endless mess in your home.
  • Easy to Access. Many boxes designed for cats have sides that are too high for rabbits. Even though most bunnies – unless elderly or arthritic – could jump into them, the height will discourage bunnies from making the effort when they really gotta go.
  • Easy to Clean. Rabbit litter boxes need to be cleaned daily. Make sure the litter pan you choose can be quickly cleaned and thoroughly disinfected. (This is why wood litter boxes aren’t a good choice.)
  • Protects Your Home. Many litter boxes have high sides that prevent pee from splashing onto your floor and walls. The litter box should be large enough that bunnies (especially bucks) won’t “miss” when they go.
What is the Best Litter Box for Rabbits

What Size Should a Rabbit Litter Box Be?

Rabbits must be able to turn all the way around comfortably in their litter boxes. If you choose to place hay inside the box for a rabbit to munch on, the bunny will need room to move around next to the hay.

A litter box that’s too large will encourage a bunny to hang out there, dig in the litter, or even sleep in the box.

Rabbit Litter Box Size Chart

Rabbit SizeExample BreedsApproximate Litter Box Size
2 – 4 poundsNetherland Dwarf, Lionhead8” x 10”
4 – 8 poundsDutch, Mini Rex10” x 12”
8 – 12 poundsCalifornian, Silver Fox10” x 16”
12+ Pounds or Wool BreedsFlemish Giant, Angora16” x 20” or larger

How to Choose the Best Rabbit Litter Box

Here are some important factors to weigh when shopping for a bunny litter box.

Rectangle vs. Corner Boxes

What shape should a rabbit litter box be? Rabbits tend to prefer picking a corner to be their bathroom, but most corner-shaped boxes are too small for big bunnies. Ultimately, the shape of the box doesn’t make much difference in the success of potty training.

Rectangle vs. Corner Litter Boxes

Covered vs. Uncovered Boxes

Do rabbits like covered litter boxes? Not usually. Rabbits love tunnels and hidey-holes, but they view covered spaces as their burrows, not their toilets.

Grated vs. Open Boxes

Should your rabbit litter box have a grate? Litter boxes with wire mesh grates are wonderful if they work properly. They keep bunnies from having a play day in the litter and coming in contact with their droppings. 

Unfortunately, though, many litter boxes have a flimsy grate that rabbits can easily remove. Or one that’s the wrong size – where the mesh is too tight to allow droppings to fall through.

If your litter box does not have a grate, make sure to clean out the droppings once or twice a day so rabbits don’t sniff or touch old droppings. Bunny poos mold quickly, and in multi-rabbit households, old droppings can spread parasitic diseases like coccidiosis.

Rabbit Litter Box Setup

Some people like to keep a litter box in the rabbit’s cage, but it can go anywhere in a bunny’s environment. Our article on how to set up a rabbit’s enclosure has great tips on where to place a bunny’s litter box.

One important trick: hang a hay bag above a bunny’s litter box, or attach a hay rack to the side of it. A bunny’s digestive system is always moving, so rabbits like munch while doing their business.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Should You Put in a Rabbit Litter Box?

The best litter to go in a bunny potty box is a pelleted natural-fiber litter made of paper or straw. These litters are highly absorbent, will reduce smells, and are safe for bunnies to nibble.

Never use clay litter for rabbits – whether it’s marketed for cats or small pets.

How Often Should You Clean a Rabbit Litter Box?

Rabbit litter boxes should be cleaned daily or at least once every other day.  Urine will release toxic ammonia and wet litter will mold if you leave it for too long.

Frequent cleaning may be a hassle, but the payoff will be a healthy rabbit, a fresh-smelling home, and a litter box that lasts longer.

How Do I Keep My Rabbit from Peeing and Pooping Everywhere?

Toilet-training a rabbit requires patience and common sense. First, spay or neuter your rabbit if it’s at least six months old. Place the litter box in a quiet, safe, inviting place, close to food and hiding holes and away from dogs, cats, and potential threats.

If your bunny does pee or poop outside the box, clean it up immediately and move droppings to the litter box. This will help your rabbit recognize its new potty.

Final Thoughts

When it comes to bunny litter boxes, not just any pan will do. Choosing a litter box that’s sturdy, safe, and sanitary – like the Kathson Large Litter Box – is the first step in ensuring that “Operation Litter Train Bunny” is a success.

Ellyn Eddy


Ellyn has been rescuing, raising, and writing about rabbits for two decades and loves to help others discover the joy of rabbit care. Her favorite rabbit color is black. She thinks the cutest part of a bunny is the fluffy space right between its ears.

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