Can Rabbits Eat Kale? All Questions Answered

Dr. Kathryn Rosalie Dench

Written by: Dr. Kathryn Rosalie Dench

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Can rabbits eat kale

Kale or leaf cabbage is a member of the Brassica family. It is nutrient-packed and offers many health benefits, making it a favorite amongst health-conscious people. However, many rabbit owners wonder if they should feed this vegetable to their pet rabbits.

This begs the question, ‘Can rabbits eat kale?’ Kale is a vegetable rich in nutrients that may be included in your pet rabbit’s diet. However, knowing when to introduce kale and how much kale to feed your beloved pet rabbit is essential.

Our comprehensive guide will cover everything you need to know before your rabbit eats kale. We’ll discuss:

  • Benefits of feeding kale to rabbits
  • How to feed kale to rabbits
  • Which parts of kale can rabbits eat?
  • Risks associated with feeding rabbits too much kale

Let’s dive right in and see how you can feed your rabbit this leafy green in a way that would boost your rabbit’s health.

Can Rabbits Eat Kale?

Yes, rabbits can eat kale in moderation. Kale is considered a super vegetable containing vitamins and minerals that could help boost your rabbit’s immune system and help it stay healthy. However, the high calcium level in kale could cause health problems like gastrointestinal issues and kidney stones if a rabbit overeats kale.

Benefits of Feeding Rabbits Kale

Benefits of Feeding Rabbits Kale

In terms of bunny snacks, kale makes a good addition to your rabbit’s diet. Like other leafy green vegetables, it helps maintain your rabbit’s digestive system and causes it to live a healthy life. For example, 100g of raw kale contains:

  • Carbs – 8.75 g
  • Sugar – 2.26 g
  • Fiber – 3.60 g
  • Protein – 4.28
  • Fat – 0.93 g

Kale also contains high amounts of vitamins A and K and moderate amounts of vitamin B. It also contains minerals like calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, and iron, which, if fed in moderation, can boost a rabbit’s immune system.

The low sugar content in kale makes it an excellent choice of vegetable to include in your rabbit’s diet. This is because rabbits shouldn’t have high-sugar vegetables and fruits due to the various health risks they pose.

How to Feed Your Rabbit Kale

Here are some pointers on how to feed your rabbit kale:

Step one: Purchase high-quality kale

Buying high-quality organically grown kale is best because it is not treated with herbicides or pesticides.

Step two: Prepare your kale

Wash the kale properly to get rid of all traces of dirt or chemicals. If you choose to serve kale to your rabbit without removing the stems, cutting it into small pieces is recommended to make it easier for your rabbit to eat.

Step three: Serve the right amount

If you introduce kale to your rabbit’s diet, do so slowly. Start by giving it a few leaves and gradually increase the quantity over time. Feeding rabbits kale in moderation, at most three times a week, is recommended.

Step four: Watch closely

Observe your rabbit’s response to new foods. If you notice any abnormal behavior, lack of appetite, or symptoms like bloating after feeding kale to your rabbit, stop feeding it the vegetable. You should also make sure that your rabbit is still eating grass hay as usual.

Observe your rabbit's response after feeding kale

Which Parts of Kale Can Rabbits Eat?

Rabbits are herbivores and love to nibble on all parts of a vegetable they find particularly tasty, even those we wouldn’t usually eat. So what other parts of the kale plant can you feed rabbits apart from its leaves?

Here are some pointers on other parts to feed your beloved bunny.

Can rabbits eat kale stems?

Rabbits can eat kale stems in moderation. However, the stems are hard and may be difficult to digest. Stems can also be a choking hazard if not appropriately served. Be sure to wash the stems properly to get rid of harmful pesticides, and cut them into small pieces to make eating easier for your rabbit.

How to Feed Your Rabbit Kale - Can rabbits eat kale stems

Can rabbits eat kale flowers?

Kale flowers are safe for rabbits. They are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Wash the flowers properly to get rid of pesticides or herbicides. However, some rabbits may not like kale flowers, so watch your rabbit’s behavior afterward to gauge its reaction.

Can rabbits eat kale flowers

Risks Associated With Feeding Rabbits Kale

While kale may be an excellent addition to your rabbit’s diet, you shouldn’t feed it on a daily basis.

A balanced diet for a rabbit should consist of 85% grass or hay, 10% leafy greens, and 5% of quality pellets, with fruits and other treats being given just a couple of times a week.

So while kale may be good for rabbits, feeding it too much could result in health problems, and you should visit your veterinarian immediately if your rabbit shows abnormal behavior or symptoms after eating kale. 

Here are some potential risks associated with feeding your rabbit kale:

Gastrointestinal issues

Feeding too much of this vegetable can upset a rabbit’s stomach, especially if you don’t introduce kale slowly to your rabbit’s diet. Some possible upsets include gastrointestinal problems like bloating, stomach aches, gastrointestinal stasis, reduced poop volume, and gas.

Kidney stones

Feeding rabbits a large quantity of kale could result in calcium overload due to its high calcium content. When a rabbit eats too much calcium, the excess may be deposited in the kidneys, resulting in kidney stones or bladder sludge. Owners should limit the quantity of kale served to rabbits with kidney issues.


Can rabbits eat cooked kale?

Rabbits should not be fed cooked kale or foods in general. A rabbit’s digestive system is designed to obtain nutrients from raw foods. It is best to stick to providing your rabbit with fresh vegetables as this is best suited for their delicate digestive systems.

Should rabbits eat frozen kale?

Yes, rabbits can eat frozen kale because, unlike other leafy greens, they maintain their texture after freezing.

Is dehydrated kale safe for rabbits?

Yes, dehydrated kale is a safe and healthy food for rabbits. However, there should be no flavoring or fat added to it.

Can baby rabbits eat kale?

Baby and juvenile rabbits should not be fed kale as their digestive system is still getting used to the adult diet of hay and pellets. Additionally, it may upset their delicate digestive systems and should be avoided until they are at least one year old.

Bottom Line on How to Feed Kale to a Rabbit

Kale is one of the world’s healthiest vegetables and offers several benefits, even for rabbits. It contains several nutrients, including vitamins A and K, essential to maintaining a rabbit’s health. However, while leafy greens are vital to a rabbit’s diet, you should avoid feeding it too much. Giving rabbits excess kale can cause gastrointestinal problems, kidney stones or bladder sludge. Consult your vet immediately if your rabbit displays abnormal behavior or symptoms after eating kale or any other vegetables.

Share this article with your fellow rabbit owners if you have enjoyed it. And if you have further questions about your rabbit’s diet, leave them in the comments section below.

Dr. Kathryn Rosalie Dench


Dr. Kathryn Rosalie Dench is a veterinary surgeon qualified from Cambridge University. Kate takes a science-based approach to her recommendations for rabbit care. She draws on over ten years of experience in veterinary clinics to offer practical tips, tricks, and warnings for rabbit owners the world over, to help pet rabbits live happy and healthy lives.

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